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different types of eczema/dermatitis include

Updated: Thursday, Jun 10,2010, 11:37:02 AM
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Eczema is the general term for many types of skin inflammations, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. The term dermatitis is also used in many cases. The inflammation tends to be very itchy and the patient will scratch the area. That will then increase the itchiness of the area and the so-called itch-scratch cycle begins.

Types of eczema/dermatitis

There are several different types of eczema/dermatitis. They may look similar, but they have different causes and treatments, so - if you suspect eczema/dermatitis - it is important to get a correct diagnosis.

 different types of eczema/dermatitis include:

    * Atopic eczema/dermatitis - The vast majority of people with eczema have what is called atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema. It is characterized by itchy inflamed skin. Atopic dermatitis or atopic eczema is also believed to be hereditary in nature, meaning it runs in families. It also seems to be connected with other disorders such as pollen allergies and asthma, in that many people with atopic eczema/dermatitis also have asthma or pollen allergies or develop one of these conditions later in life.
    * Contact eczema/dermatitis - This is a localized reaction that includes redness, itching and burning where the skin has come into contact with an allergen or with an irritant such as an acid, a cleaning agent or other chemical.
    * Seborrheic eczema/dermatitis - This is characterized by yellowish, oily, scaly patches of skin on the scalp, face and occasionally other parts of the body. Two forms you are probably familiar with are:
          o Dandruff - When seborrheic eczema/dermatitis affects the scalp in adolescents or adults, we know it more commonly as dandruff.
          o Cradle cap - When it affects the scalp in infants, this condition is often called cradle cap.
    * Nummular eczema - This involves coin-shaped patches of irritated skin, most common on the arms, back, buttocks and lower legs, that may be crusted, scaling and extremely itchy.
    * Neurodermatitis - This condition is also called lichen simplex chronicus. It involves scaly patches of skin on the head, lower legs, wrists or forearms caused by a localized itch (such as an insect bite) that becomes intensely irritated when scratched.
    * Stasis dermatitis - This involves a skin irritation on the lower legs, generally related to circulatory problems. It may be associated with varicose veins, kidney failure, congestive heart disease, or other conditions.
    * Dyshidrotic eczema - This involves irritation of the skin on the palms of hands and soles of the feet characterized by clear, deep blisters that itch and burn.

Tags: Eczema Dermatitis

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