Type 1 diabetes, also known as Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), occurs because of a shortage of insulin inside the body. Insulin is responsible for allowing glucose to enter the cells of the body to supply fuel. This shortage of insulin happens because the body's immune system damages and destroys the pancreas which produces the insulin.
Insulin is usually the best solution to treat type 1 diabetes. There are quite a few different types of insulin available in the market today. Patients can't consume insulin through their mouths because the enzymes in their mouths will kill and destroy it. Thus insulin is mostly taken as daily injections. In addition to taking insulin, patients need to consistently monitor their blood sugar levels. Insufficient insulin is also known to result in other metabolic problems.
When our beta cells stop pumping out insulin, our bodies take in less glucose. When this happens, our liver does the exact opposite by releasing more glucose. This leads to an increase in blood sugar levels to as high as ten times above the normal level. Type 1 diabetes symptoms generally develop over a short period of time. Type 1 diabetes symptoms manifest themselves in the form of excessive fatigue, frequent urination, mood swings, excessive thirst, and feeling hungrier than one normally would.
Type 1 diabetes symptoms in children might look like regular flu symptoms. Nonetheless, every child might experience different diabetes symptoms. Although beta cell destruction can begin years earlier, type 1 diabetes symptoms usually develop rather quickly, over a few days to weeks, and are caused by blood sugar levels rising above normal levels (hyperglycemia).
Other type 1 diabetes symptoms can include weight loss and blurry vision. These symptoms are due to the lack of insulin in the body. Because there is no insulin being produced, type 1 diabetes symptoms develop and worsen very rapidly with sufferers quickly falling into a diabetic coma if the illness is not diagnosed and treated properly. If you or your family member have these type 1 diabetes symptoms, you must make sure to drink fifteen grams of carbohydrate (three teaspoons of sugar dissolved in water).
Ignoring these diabetes symptoms can only lead to them worsening and possibly the development of a more serious health problem. In Type 1 diabetes, symptoms are usually life-threatening; hence it is mostly diagnosed rather quickly.