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History of Qi Gong and Taoist Meditation

Updated: Thursday, May 07,2009, 11:33:08 AM
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Qi Gong is a term that describes a very complex and diverse tradition of spiritual, martial and health exercises from China. Qi Gong is a term that was used by the current Chinese government catagorize to more than 1500 different styles of these exercises into a meaningful context. Qi Gong was originally described in early texts as tuna, or breath exercises, and Dao Yin, or exercise postures. It was also used in Taoism as a way to try to physical and spiritual immortality.

The first recordings of the archaeological discoveries at Tui Ma Huang graves revealed a series of postures of dance as combined with breathing which have been used for health. Researchers at the Shanghai Research Institute have theorized Qi Gong Qi Gong that probably comes from the dance of the early Wu Shaman. Dance has been used in rituals and ceremonies to induce trance states to communicate with the spirit world. Many of these dances were based on movements of animals and included the wearing of skins and masks to enhance the effect.

The subsequent development of specific systems such as Hua To's "Frolic of the five animals," has integrated the early development of traditional Chinese medicine theory of channels and three spaces Burning (top, middle and lower). They were combined with shamanic practices into a series of exercises aimed at preserving and promoting the health of the individual. The concept of self-enjoyment, rather than participating in group rituals and ceremonies, marked the beginning of Qi Gong systems. The parallel with the development of naturalism and natural law by the School of Confucian philosophy. The idea that the individual has the responsibility for self cultivation or development is very important. Meanwhile, the rise of the school of Taoist philosophy and its emphasis on nature and following the Natural Way has also helped stimulate the development of systems of Qi Gong. An underlying premise of these systems is that of Qi, defined as the breath, vital essence or vital energy. Qi was believed to spread outside in nature in its various manifestations, such as weather, plants, animals, minerals, etc. It was probably a development based on animistic beliefs soon as all things have a vital force. Qi was also felt on the inside to move through rivers, valleys and mountains of the body. The development of the concept of channels or tracks was based on much more of the geography of the body that is revealed in the names of traditional acupuncture points, ie mountains Kun Lun, Spirit Pass, sea of blood. Health was founded on the free flow of Qi through the channels. If the Qi becomes blocked, an area of the body too (ie the excess) and another too little.

In China today, Qi Gong is very popular. The Government supports the engagement in health and funds for research and educational institutions. The current categories of China include a variety of systems. They are separate from the health exercises for preventing disease and maintaining health or conditions for the healing of illness and recover fully. This category also includes the use of Qi Gong to develop the ability to project the qi from one person to another in order to restore balance and effect healing. Specialists to develop Qi Gong practitioners these skills and learn some of Qi Gong exercises for specific health problems. These have been very effective in the treatment of chronic degenerative diseases and disorders related to stress.

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