Treatment following a stroke depends on the type of stroke involved
* TIA - If a transient ischemic stroke is suspected, there will be tests to determine the cause. The tests may include a physical examination, CT, MRI. Angiography images, which can provide X-rays of blood vessels, may also be used to find problems in the arteries of the brain. The results of these tests, the drugs can be used to reduce the risk of further TIA or a full stroke. Medications may include anti-platelet agents or anticoagulants to prevent clots. For some people, and carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting can be recommended to keep the carotid artery open and clear.
* Ischemic stroke - Following an ischemic stroke, the goal is to quickly restore blood flow to the brain. The drug tPA can dissolve blood clots when given within three hours of racing s. Surgery a small device shaped corkscrew, can be used in some cases for clot removal. After initial treatment, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents or anticoagulants may be prescribed to prevent blood clots from forming additional. For some people, and carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting can be recommended to maintain the carotid artery open and clear.
* Hemorrhagic Stroke - After a hemorrhagic stroke, medication may be used to clot blood and stop bleeding. Surgery may also be used for the treatment and / or prevention of another stroke options to keep cutting or embolization of the aneurysm bursting. If the stroke was caused by an arteriovenous malformation (AVM), surgery to remove the AVM may also be necessary.
Although stroke is a brain disease, it can affect the whole body. A common disability that results from stroke is complete paralysis of one side of the body, called hemiplegia. A related disability that is not as debilitating as paralysis is the weakness of one side or hemiparesis. Diseases can cause problems with:
Stroke survivors often have difficulty understanding or forming speech. A stroke can cause emotional problems. stroke patients may have difficulty controlling their emotions or may express emotions inappropriate.
Depression can also develop after a severe stroke. In fact, according to the National Institutes of Health, an estimated 10-27 percent of people who suffer a stroke also suffer from major depression and an additional 15-40 percent experience depressive symptoms in the two months following stroke . It is important to monitor patients for signs of depression.
Stroke survivors may also have numbness or strange sensations. The pain is often worse in the hands and feet and is aggravated by movement and temperature changes, especially cold temperatures.
Generally, there are three stages of treatment following a stroke: treatment immediately after the race, preventing another stroke and stroke rehabilitation. Acute stroke therapies try to stop a stroke while he goes through rapid dissolution of blood clot causing an ischemic stroke or stop the bleeding of a hemorrhagic stroke. Therapies to prevent recurrent stroke are based on the treatment factor in a person's underlying risk for stroke, such as hypertension, atrial fibrillation and diabetes. stroke rehabilitation helps individuals overcome disabilities that result from stroke damage. Medication or drug therapy is the most common treatment for stroke. the most popular classes of drugs used to prevent or treat stroke are antithrombotics (antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants) and thrombolytics.
It is also important to make lifestyle changes to reduce the risk of having another stroke. about 25 percent of people who are recovering from a first stroke will have another five years, and the risk of death and disability increases with each stroke. It is therefore essential that you work to reduce your stroke risk through lifestyle changes and medication that lowers blood pressure and cholesterol.