Physical weak infants, are in the growth and development period, the diarrhea of infants and young children against the big.
In addition to the impact of diarrhea in infants in food absorption of nutrients, but also consumption of nutrients stored in the body, damage to certain tissues. This is because in the course of diarrhea should have been the digestion and absorption of nutrients can not enter the body, but the body organs need to carry out normal physiological functions. Such as chronic diarrhea can cause malnutrition, so that children with physical thin, lower resistance, susceptibility to various diseases. This not only affects infants and young children's normal growth and development, but also lead to complications. Common complications are:
1, malnutrition and vitamin deficiency: a longer duration of diarrhea, such as the fasting time is too long or long-term calorie deficiency, often caused by malnutrition and vitamin deficiency. Dyspepsia and malnutrition can be both cause and effect, often resulting in a vicious circle, leading to adverse consequences. A lack of vitamin A can cause dry eye and corneal chondromalacia; a lack of vitamin D deficiency can cause hand, foot and convulsions.
2, infection: otitis media are common, angular cheilitis, upper respiratory tract infection, bronchitis, pneumonia, swollen boils, septicemia, urinary tract infection and intravenous go far. A variety of infections may be the cause of diarrhea, but there are also after the diarrhea, due to the lowering of body resistance to infection. Persistent diarrhea or malnutrition in children with the original, easy to concurrent fungal infection such as thrush, fungal enteritis, or even give rise to systemic mycoses.
3, toxic hepatitis: jaundice may be severe diarrhea, malnutrition and common in patients with severe sepsis, with poor prognosis, it is toxic hepatitis, one of severe complications of diarrhea.
4, other: such as acute renal failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septic shock, such as toxic encephalopathy, such as improper handling can also occur with acute heart failure, hyperkalemia, toxic intestinal paralysis, intestinal bleeding, intestinal sets stack, etc., can be seen even intestinal perforation and peritonitis.
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