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Colon rectum should pay attention to the prevention

Updated: Monday, Nov 09,2009, 11:42:43 AM
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According to Singapore's Lianhe Zaobao reported that the incidence of colorectal cancer soared in recent years, Singapore, each year about 1,100 people have been diagnosed with colon cancer. In order to enhance public awareness of colorectal cancer, Singapore Cancer Society colorectal cancer awareness month organized by month, Anti-Cancer Association, for the first time in cooperation with the general practitioner clinics for the public to check the colon free of charge.

Colorectal cancer is currently the world seen in the digestive system cancer incidence in recent years has been rising. Singapore is also not spared and every year some 1,100 people were diagnosed with colon cancer. Colorectal cancer in the colon or rectum in abnormal growth of cells formed cancers. Parts originating in the colon is called colon cancer cells, originating in the rectum is called rectal cancer; two organs are affected is called colon cancer. Colorectal cancer at any age may be the disease, but most patients are over the age of 40.

Colorectal cancer is currently the one of the most preventable cancer. It is usually originated in the colon or rectum epithelium of non-cancerous new bio, "polyps." If through screening, early detection and removal, we can prevent it from become tumors. "The medical profession that, if detected early, colorectal cancer is the most easy to cure cancer.

Causes and Symptoms

The occurrence of colorectal cancer and genetic, diet, family history, smoking, drinking and other factors, there are many people today tend to low-fiber diet high-fat refined diet, resulting in colorectal cancer to become one of the leading causes of death of mankind.

In patients with colorectal cancer the most common symptoms include the following:

Change in bowel habits, diarrhea alternating with constipation

Stool color change, mixed with blood

Stool with mucus, shape change, or into a mud-like

Frequent bowel movement, defecation, after they do not feel comfortable, and there is residual-like

Have a lot of pain or abnormal feeling

The long-term lower abdominal discomfort, such as abdominal pain, abdominal or abdominal dull pain Ming

Abdominal swelling can be touch

Unexplained anemia

If the above-mentioned phenomenon of the body, should seek medical check-ups, so as not to delay treatment. Most people easily confused with colorectal cancer and hemorrhoids, the medical profession there is no lack of colorectal cancer will be misdiagnosed as hemorrhoids case. Although the vast majority of hemorrhoids are caused by blood in stool, but colorectal cancer may also exist with hemorrhoids. Colorectal cancer prevention methods include moderate exercise, relieve stress, to develop regular bowel habits. Note that the shape and color of feces. Those who have similar family history of blood relatives to be more vigilant.

From the diet to prevent colon cancer

It is worth mentioning that the prevention of colorectal cancer should pay attention to diet, the medical profession is generally believed that eat more fat, low fiber diet, a higher risk of colorectal cancer risk. Studies have shown that people in some areas meals emphasis on vegetables, fruit and other foods rich in fiber, patients with colorectal cancer than other people in the region lower.

University of Cambridge has announced a large-scale study of diet and cancer, survey respondents as many as 40 million people, for the largest-ever study of diet and cancer. The results showed that high-fiber diet can effectively reduce the risk of developing fatal cancer risk of up to 40%, in particular colon and rectal cancer.

In the past, the French medical research has also found that You Sancheng cases of cancer and the patient's eating habits are directly related. French Academy of Medical Sciences have been in the "diet and cancer," the survey report noted that high-fat foods, as well as full-cream milk, meat and other saturated fatty acids in food is not only apt to cause many types of cancer, especially colon and rectal cancer, but also easy to cause cardiovascular disease. Experts believe that dietary fiber may stimulate the intestinal peristalsis, but also shorten the time of food through the intestines to reduce the carcinogenic substances in the stool opportunity to contact with the intestinal mucosa, the stool, toxins excreted as soon as possible.

Dietary fiber, mainly from natural vegetables, fruits, cereals and pulses. Vegetables in the cruciferous vegetables rich in antioxidant vitamins C and carotene, can inhibit the synthesis of carcinogenic nitrosamines, such vegetables include broccoli, cauliflower, mustard, cabbage and so on. The yellow and green fruits and vegetables, mostly rich in flavonoids, others such as onion, Pingguo Pi and other foods also contain flavonoids, eat also help prevent cancer.

Tags: Colon rectum

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